Recently proposed splits for the family Kiwis

The Northern Tokoeka consists of two forms: Northern Brown Kiwi (still known from five endangered populations on North Island, best represented still in Northland), and Okarito Brown Kiwi, which has a small and critically endangered population.

The Southern Tokoeka A. australis, from which Northern was split, is also known in two forms: Haast Tokoeka, which is critically endangered, and Southern Brown Kiwi, known from Fiordland and Stewart Island. The latter population is vulnerable and declining.

Northern Tokoeka     Apteryx mantelli
Bartlett   1852
New Zealand: North Island & Okarito, wc South Island
split from: Apteryx australis
insert after: Apteryx australis
A. J. Baker, C. H. Daugherty, R. Colbourne & J. L. McLennan,
Flightless brown kiwis of New Zealand possess extremely subdivided population structure and cryptic species like small mammals
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92, 1995, 8254-8258
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